The Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) old map shows evolutions of Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) city. This historical map of Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) will allow you to travel in the past and in the history of Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) in Gauteng - South Africa. The Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) ancient map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
The historical region surrounding Johannesburg was originally inhabited by San tribes. By the 13th century, groups of Bantu-speaking people started moving southwards from central Africa and encroached on the indigenous San population as its shown in Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) historical map. By the mid 18th century, the broader region was densely settled by various Sotho–Tswana communities (one linguistic branch of Bantu-speakers), whose villages, towns, chiefdoms and kingdoms stretched from what is now Botswana in the west, to present day Lesotho in the south, to the present day Pedi areas of the northern Transvaal.
From the early 1960s until his retirement, Professor Revil Mason, of the University of the Witwatersrand, explored and documented many Late Iron Age archaeological sites throughout the historical area of Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi), dating from between the 12th century and 18th century, and many of these sites contained the ruins of Sotho–Tswana mines and iron smelting furnaces, suggesting that the area was being exploited for its mineral wealth before the arrival of Europeans or the discovery of gold. The most prominent site within Johannesburg is Melville Koppies as you can see in Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) historical map, which contains an iron smelting furnace.
Many Sotho–Tswana towns and villages in the historical areas around Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) were destroyed and their people driven away during the wars emanating from Zululand during the late 18th and early 19th centuries (the mfecane or difaqane wars), and as a result, an offshoot of the Zulu kingdom, the Ndebele (often referred to by the name the local Sotho–Tswana gave them, the Matebele), set up a kingdom to the northeast of Pretoria around modern day Kwa-Ndebele. The Dutch speaking Voortrekkers arrived in the early 19th century, driving away the Matebele with the help of Sotho–Tswana allies, establishing settlements around Rustenburg and Pretoria in the early 1830s, and claiming sovereignty over what would become Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) as part of the South African Republic (known informally as the Transvaal Republic) as its mentioned in Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) historical map. Gold was discovered in the 1880s and triggered the gold rush. Gold was initially discovered some 400 km to the east of present-day Johannesburg, in Barberton. Gold prospectors soon discovered that there were even richer gold reefs in the Witwatersrand. Gold was discovered at Langlaagte, Johannesburg in 1886.
The Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) vintage map give a unique insight into the history and evolution of Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) city. This vintage map of Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) with its antique style will allow you to travel in the past of Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) in Gauteng - South Africa. The Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) vintage map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) was a dusty settlement some 55 km from the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (ZAR) capital which was Pretoria. The vintage town—named after two surveyors employed by the ZAR, Johannes Meyer and Johannes Rissik—was much the same as any small prospecting settlement, but, as word spread, people flocked to the area from all other regions of the country, as well as from North America, the United Kingdom and Europe as its shown in Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) vintage map. Like many late 19th century mining towns, Johannesburg was a rough and disorganized place, populated by white miners from other continents, African tribesmen recruited to perform unskilled mine work, African women beer brewers who cooked for and sold beer to the black migrant workers, a very large number of European prostitutes, gangsters, impoverished Afrikaners, tradesmen, and Zulu "AmaWasha," Zulu men who surprisingly dominated laundry work. As the value of control of the land increased, tensions developed between the Boer government in Pretoria and the British, culminating in the Jameson Raid that ended in fiasco at Doornkop in January 1896 and the Second Boer War (1899–1902) that saw British forces under Lord Roberts occupy the city on 30 May 1900 after a series of battles to the south of its then-limits.
During the war, many African mineworkers left the vintage city of Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) creating a labor shortage, which the mines ameliorated by bringing in laborers from China, especially southern China. After the war, they were replaced by black workers, but many Chinese stayed on, creating Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) Chinese community, which during the apartheid era, was not legally classified as "Asian," but as "Coloured." Controversy surrounds the origin of the name, as there were any number of people with the name "Johannes" who were involved in the early history of the city. The principal clerk attached to the office of the surveyor-general, Johannes Rissik, Christiaan Johannes Joubert, member of the Volksraad and the Republic chief of mining, Paul Kruger, President of the South African Republic (ZAR). Rissik and Joubert were members of a delegation sent to England to attain mining rights for the area. Joubert had a park in the city named after him and Rissik Street is today a main street where the (historically important and dilapidated, since burnt out) Post Office and City Hall are located. The population in 1904 was 155,642, of whom 83,363 were Whites as you can see in Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) vintage map.
Major vintage building developments took place in the 1930s, after South Africa went off the gold standard. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Hillbrow went high-rise. In the 1950s and early 1960s, the apartheid government constructed the massive agglomeration of townships that became known as Soweto (South Western Townships). New freeways encouraged massive suburban sprawl to the north of the city of Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi). In the late 1960s and early 1970s, tower blocks (including the Carlton Centre and the Southern Life Centre) filled the skyline of the central business district. The central area of the city underwent something of a decline in the 1980s and 1990s, due to crime and when property speculators directed large amounts of capital into suburban shopping malls, decentralised office parks, and entertainment centres. Sandton City was opened in 1973, followed by Rosebank Mall in 1976, and Eastgate in 1979. On 12 May 2008 a series of riots started in the township of Alexandra, in the north-eastern part of Johannesburg, when locals attacked migrants from Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe, killing two people and injuring 40 others. These riots sparked the xenophobic attacks of 2008 as its mentioned in Johannesburg (Joburg Jozi) vintage map.